Rohingya Today: Part 2

Today, nearly one million Rohingya refugees live in camps and makeshift settlements across Bangladesh’s Cox’s Bazar peninsula, about 252 miles south of the capital Dhaka. Two years into the exodus of Rohingya refugees, who were given shelter in Bangladesh after they fled atrocities in Rakhine State of Myanmar, the extent of how 743,000 refugees affected the host country has become a matter of grave concern. Since 25 August, over 706,000 Rohingya refugees have fled from Myanmar into Bangladesh.

When hundreds of thousands of terrified Rohingya refugees began flooding onto the beaches and paddy fields of southern Bangladesh in August 2017, it was the children who caught many people’s attention. During the Hindu refugees stay in Bangladesh, a new safety threat has emerged in Rakhine — a low-intensity but deadly conflict throughout 2019 between the Myanmar military and Arakan Army, which is fighting for more autonomy for Buddhist Rakhine people in the state. Though the governments of Myanmar and Bangladesh have agreed to repatriate refugees now living in sprawling displacement camps, none have returned under two previous attempts, failing to show up at the border for re-entry processing.

In September 2017, Bangladesh’s Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina visited the Rohingya camps in Cox’s Bazar and expressed sympathy to the refugees. Having fled unimaginable violence and persecution in their homeland of Myanmar, nearly one million Rohingya refugees are now living in terrible conditions Cox’s Bazar, ‘the world’s largest refugee camp’ (UN). Two years on since the biggest influx of the Rohingya refugees to Bangladesh, the situation in the camps in Cox’s Bazar remains critical,” said WFP representative and Bangladesh country director Richard Ragan.

However, in December 2017, following a detailed survey of Rohingya refugees, a humanitarian organization serving refugees, Médecins Sans Frontières calculated that at least 6,700 Rohingya men, women and children were killed in the first month of the major attacks, including at least 750 children (that number later revised to “over 1,000”). 168 Ne Win’s government requested UN to repatriate the war refugees and launched military operations which drove off around 200,000 people to Bangladesh. Cox’s Bazar (Bangladesh) (AFP) – A Bangladesh university has suspended a student for being Rohingya, officials said Sunday, as impatience with the refugees grows following a second failed attempt to repatriate them to Myanmar.

Attempts have been made twice to repatriate some Rohingya refugees to Myanmar, but the attempts failed as the Rohingyas refused to return without guarantee of citizenship, safety in Rakhine state, freedom of movement, recognition of their ethnicity and return to their original homes, not to camps, to which Myanmar has made no commitments. When asked by UNHCR headquarters to explain why a growing number of Rohingya were returning to Myanmar, the official replied that ‘one reason could be that the refugees were disturbed about the serious incidents in the camps which had led to a number of deaths … They realize that they really had no future in Bangladesh and preferred to return home’.

Rohingya refugees arrive to attend a ceremony organized to remember the second anniversary of a military crackdown that prompted a massive exodus of people from Myanmar to Bangladesh, at the Kutupalong refugee camp in Ukhia on August 25, 2019. Since 25 August 2017, more than 706,000 Rohingya refugees have fled from Myanmar into Bangladesh.

In September, the Bangladeshi military reported in a meeting that out of 1.2 million Rohingya refugees in 31 makeshift camps, 400,000 children — aged between 12 and 17 — are not receiving any education and pose a threat not only to the country but to the entire region. Of more than 900,000 Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh camps and settlements , about 740,000 have arrived since August 2017. 4, the Bangladeshi military reported in a meeting that out of 1.2 million Rohingya refugees in 31 makeshift camps, there are 400,000 children – aged between 12 and 17 – who are not receiving any education and are posing threat not only to the country but to the entire region.

At least 36 refugees have now been killed by Bangladeshi security forces since August 2017, when Myanmar’s military launched a crackdown in western Rakhine state, sparking the mass exodus. Dhaka: Bangladesh cut access to 3G and 4G internet in Rohingya camps Tuesday, in a further clampdown on communications among the refugees as Dhaka grows increasingly frustrated with failed attempts to repatriate them back to Myanmar. On August 22, following the Burmese government’s approval of the return of 3,450 Rohingya, buses arrived at the camps to transport the refugees back to Myanmar.

 

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